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Reflections on War and Death

Read by D.E. Wittkower


Sigmund Freud


Anyone, as Freud tells us in Reflections on War and Death, forced to react against his own impulses may be described as a hypocrite, whether…

The Twilight of the Idols

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Friedrich Nietzsche


Of The Twilight of the Idols, Nietzsche says in Ecce Homo: “If anyone should desire to obtain a rapid sketch of how everything before my tim…

Meditations on First Philosophy

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René Descartes


After several years working on a treatise putting forth his mechanistic philosophy and physics, Descartes shelved the project when his conte…

The Enchiridion of Epictetus

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Epictetus


Epictetus (Greek: Επίκτητος; c.55–c.135) was a Greek Stoic philosopher. The name given by his parents, if one was given, is not known - the …

Studies in Pessimism

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Arthur Schopenhauer


Arthur Schopenhauer, an early 19th century philosopher, made significant contributions to metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics. His work also…

Introduction to The Philosophy of History

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Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel


The introduction to Hegel's lectures on the philosophy of world history is often used to introduce students to Hegel's philosophy, in part b…

Utilitarianism

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John Stuart Mill


John Stuart Mill's book Utilitarianism is one of the most influential and widely-read philosophical defenses of utilitarianism in ethics. Th…

A Letter Concerning Toleration

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John Locke


Letter Concerning Toleration by John Locke was originally published in 1689. Its initial publication was in Latin, though it was immediately…

Perpetual Peace: A Philosophic Essay (Hastie Translation)

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Immanuel Kant


This essay, written in 1795, puts forth a plan for a lasting peace between nations and peoples. Kant puts forth necessary means to any peace…

The Moral Equivalent of War

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William James


The Moral Equivalent of War, the last public utterance of William James, is significant as expressing the opinions of a practical psychologi…

On the Popular Judgment: That may be Right in Theory, but does not Hold Good in…

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Immanuel Kant


This tripartite essay – published variously as “On the Popular Judgment” (J. Richardson trans.), “On the Old Saw” (E.B. Ashton trans.), or “…

Perpetual Peace, A Philosophic Essay (Trueblood Translation)

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Immanuel Kant


This essay, written in 1795, puts forth a plan for a lasting peace between nations and peoples. Kant puts forth necessary means to any peace…

Of the Injustice of Counterfeiting Books

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Immanuel Kant


This essay of Kant’s on copyright argues that the unlicensed copying of books cannot possibly be permissible, due to the fact that it assume…

A Fragment (unnamed)

In Short Poetry Collection 017

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Parmenides (Arthur Fairbanks trans.) and Parmenides of Elea


LibriVox's Short Poetry Collection 017: a collection of 20 public-domain poems.